The widespread European misperception of C Level Executive List the hijab as a symbol of an Islamic culture that is seen as homogeneously misogynistic has made women who wear it feel like faceless and nameless "victims" who must be C Level Executive List saved, rather than empowered individuals who take a personal decision. "It's frustrating, because [the media] always highlights the male members of the family," said one of them, Sama, in a message she sent C Level Executive List me from Italy. "Something along the lines of: 'Did your father force you to make this decision?' They cannot conceive that I took it."
For her part, Lama, a Franco-Algerian C Level Executive List woman now living outside of France, laments the phenomenon of the presence of "white men in the media who debate whether we should wear the hijab." The problem, she says, is that "it's never about the objective garment, it's about what the garment symbolizes [for them]." The recent ruling of the CJEU has resurfaced the C Level Executive List the right to religious freedom and the growing discomfort of Europeans before the visible face of Islam in the region. Article 9 of the European Convention on C Level Executive List Human Rights sets a very high bar for limiting the manifestation of freedom of religion.
But the CJEU rulings of 2017 and 2021 seem to C Level Executive List give more weight to the concept of global "neutrality" and, in the case of its recent decision, to the effect on others, an issue that already weighs heavily on the minds of many Muslim C Level Executive List women. Several women I spoke with described going through a grueling mental exercise before leaving their homes, what I call the "friendly enough" test. "Muslim women look in the C Level Executive List mirror in the morning and think, 'Do I look friendly? Do I look approachable?